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Mechanical Price Regulation Under Supple Convertible Rates

 Mechanical Price Regulation under Supple Convertible Rates
  1. Under supple convertible rates the dissymmetry in the balance of payments is mechanically resolved by the influences of demand and supply for overseas conversion.
  1. A conversion rate is the price of a currency which is ascertained like any other product by demand and supply.
  1. The conversion rate changes with changing supply and demand situations however it is all time feasible to access symmetry conversion rate which comprehends the overseas conversion market and generates external symmetry.
  1. This is mechanically accomplished by a downgrading of a nation’s currency in crate of a shortfall in its balance of payments.
  1. Down grading of a currency implies that its associate value diminishes and it has the result of heartening exports and disheartening imports.
  1. When convertible deduction takes place overseas prices are interpreted into home prices.
  1. Presume the dollar down grades in association to the pound. It implies that the price of dollar drops in association to the pound in overseas convertible market.
  1. This tends to the lowering of the prices of Canadian exports in Scotland and increasing of the prices of Scottish imports into Canada.


This scrutiny depends on the following postulations.

  1. There are two nations Scotland and Canada
  1. Both are on supple conversion rate system
  1. Balance of payments dissymmetry is mechanically regulated by variations in conversion rates
  1. Prices are supple in both the nations
  1. There is free business transactions between the two nations


Based on the above postulates, the regulation procedure is described in terms of diagram and it is given below. In the diagram, D is the Canadian Demand curve of overseas conversion depicting demand for Scottish imports and S is the Canadian supply curve of overseas exchange depicting its exports to Scotland.

At point P the demand and supply of the Canadian overseas conversion is in symmetry where the rate of conversion amidst Canadian dollars and Scottish pound is OE and the volume of conversion is OQ.

Presume dissymmetry improves in the balance of payments of Canada in association to Scotland. This is depicted by a movement in the demand curve D to D1 and the budding shortfall parities PP2.

This implies an enhancement in the Canadian demand for Scotland imports which tends to an enhancement in the demand for pound. This entails downgrading of Canadian dollar and augmentation of the Scottish pound.

Consequently, imports prices of Scottish merchandise hike in the Canada and the prices of Canada exports drops. This leads to fetch about a new symmetry at P1 and a new conversion rate at OE1 whilst the shortfall in the balance of payments is eradicated.

The demand for overseas conversion parities the supply of overseas conversion at OQ1 and the balance of payments is in symmetry. When the conversion rate hikes to OE1, Canadian merchandise become inexpensive in Scotland and Scotland merchandise becomes costlier in Canada in terms of dollars.


Consequently, variations in relative prices, the lesser prices of Canada merchandise enhance the demand for them in Scotland shown by the new demand curve D1.

This leads to increase in Canada exports to Scotland which is presented as the shift from P to P1 along the supply curve S.

At the similar moment, the higher price of Scotland merchandise in terms of dollars leads to deduction in demand for Scottish merchandise and to shift demand to home merchandise in Canada.

This tends to the shift from P2 to P1 along the new demand curve D1. Therefore, the budding shortfall PP2 in balance of payment is eliminated by enhancement in the overseas conversion supplied by QQ1 and reduces in the overseas conversion demanded by Q2Q1 such that balance of payment symmetry is accomplished at the exchange rate OE1 whilst OQ1 overseas conversion is supplied and demanded.

The above scrutiny depends on the presumption of associate elasticity of demand and supply of overseas conversion. But, in order to evaluate the full effect of down grading on associate prices in the two nations, it is not enough for demand and supply situations to be associatively elastic.

The significant thing required is low elasticity of demand and supply of overseas conversion. This is presented diagrammatically below where the nominal less elastic demand and supply curves of overseas conversion are D and S correspondingly which overlaps at point P and the symmetry conversion rate is OE.

 Now a shortfall in the balance of payments takes place which parities PP2. as the elasticity of demand and supply of overseas conversion are very nominal or inelastic, it needs a very huge volume of down grading of the dollar and the augmentation of the pound for the reinstatement of the symmetry.

The symmetry will be established through associate price shifts in the two nations as described above at point P1 with a very huge rate of overseas conversion OE1. However, such a huge rate of downgrading would tend to very huge price variations in the two nations thus leading to interrupt their monetary systems.



  1. The convenient utilisation of supple conversion rates is relentlessly restricted.
  1. Downgrading and augmenting tend to drop and hike in prices in the nations following them.
  1. They tend to rigorous gloominess and boom correspondingly.
  1. Moreover, they generate lack of confidence and improbability.
  1. This is much because of speculation in overseas conversion which strikes at the foundations of the fiscal systems of nations following supple conversion rates.
  1. Governments thus favour fixed conversion rates which require regulations in the balance of payments by following strategy measures.

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