    # Internal Rate Of Return Internal rate of return is that rate at which the sum of discounted cash inflows equals the sum of discounted cash outflows. In other words, it is that rate which discounts the cash flows to zero. It can be stated in the form of a ratio as follows:

Cash inflows  = 1
Cash outflows

Thus in case of this method, the discount rate is not known but the cash outflows and inflows are known. For example, if a sum of \$800 invested in a project becomes \$1,000 at the end of a year, the rate of return comes to 25% calculated as follows:

COF = CIF / (1 + r)

Where,
 COF = Cash outflow CIF = Cash inflow r = Internal rate of return

800 = 1000 / (1 + r);
1 + r = 1000 / 800;
1 + r = 1.25;
r = 0.25 or 25%.

In case if the return is over number of years, the calculation would take the following pattern:

In case of conventional initial investment: Where,
 CF = Cash inflows COF = Cash outflow (initial) r = Internal rate of return n = last year of the project

In case of non-conventional cash flows (i.e., when there are a series of cash outflows and inflows) = (EQUATE) Online Internal Rate of Return (IRR) Help:

If you are stuck with a Internal Rate of Return (IRR) Homework problem and need help, we have excellent tutors who can provide you with Homework Help. Our tutors who provide Internal Rate of Return (IRR) help are highly qualified. Our tutors have many years of industry experience and have had years of experience providing Internal Rate of Return (IRR) Homework Help. Please do send us the Internal Rate of Return (IRR) problems on which you need Help and we will forward then to our tutors for review.

Online Tutor Internal Rate of Return (IRR):

We have the best tutors in finance in the industry. Our tutors can break down a complex Internal Rate of Return (IRR) problem into its sub parts and explain to you in detail how each step is performed. This approach of breaking down a problem has been appreciated by majority of our students for learning Internal Rate of Return (IRR) concepts. You will get one-to-one personalized attention which will make learning fun and easy. Our tutors are highly qualified and hold advanced degrees. Please do send us a request for Internal Rate of Return (IRR) tutoring and experience the quality yourself.

Accept/Reject Criterion:

A project would be qualified to be accepted if IRR exceeds the cut-off rate pre-determined by the management. Generally the cut-off rate would be the cost of capital of the company. While evaluating two or more projects, a project giving a higher IRR would be preferred.

Method of calculation:

IRR is calculated according to two methods on the basis of Tabular values as follows:
• Where cash inflows are uniform: IRR can be calculated locating the Factor in Annuity Table II. Factor is calculated as Initial investment / Cash inflow per year.
• Where cash inflows are not uniform: IRR is calculated by trial calculations in an attempt to compute the correct interest rate. Cash inflows are to be discounted by a number of trial rates. The first trial rate may be calculated on the basis of factor calculation which is done when cash inflows are uniform. But in this case, factor is calculated by dividing the initial investment by average annual cash inflows. In case the PV of cash inflows exceeds the PV of cash outflows, a trial rate higher than the first trial rate will be used and this process will continue will the two flows are more or less set off each other and this rate will be the IRR.
Example: Let us calculate the IRR of an equipment which requires an initial investment of \$6,000. The annual cash inflow is estimated as \$2,000 for 5 years.

Solution: Annual cash inflows are uniform. So, factor = \$6,000/\$2,000= 3. This factor of 3 should be located in Table II in the line of 5 years. The discount percentage would be somewhere between 18%(\$3.127 PV of annuity \$1) and 20% (\$2.99 PV of annuity of \$1). By exact interpolation, we can find out the exact rate. But in this case, we can straight away take IRR as 20% as \$2.99 is closer to factor 3.       • 